Constants?

Note

These constants may be used, but using the string values themselves in your program is equally supported. These constants are used internally by urwid just to avoid possible misspelling, but the example programs and tutorials tend to use the string values.

Widget Sizing Methods?

One or more of these values returned by Widget.sizing() to indicate supported sizing methods.

urwid.FLOW = 'flow'?

Widget that is given a number of columns by its parent widget and calculates the number of rows it requires for rendering e.g. Text

urwid.BOX = 'box'?

Widget that is given a number of columns and rows by its parent widget and must render that size e.g. ListBox

urwid.FIXED = 'fixed'?

Widget that knows the number of columns and rows it requires and will only render at that exact size e.g. BigText

Horizontal Alignment?

Used to horizontally align text in Text widgets and child widgets of Padding and Overlay.

urwid.LEFT = 'left'?
urwid.CENTER = 'center'?
urwid.RIGHT = 'right'?

Veritcal Alignment?

Used to vertically align child widgets of Filler and Overlay.

urwid.TOP = 'top'?
urwid.MIDDLE = 'middle'?
urwid.BOTTOM = 'bottom'?

Width and Height Settings?

Used to distribute or set widths and heights of child widgets of Padding, Filler, Columns, Pile and Overlay.

urwid.PACK = 'pack'?

Ask the child widget to calculate the number of columns or rows it needs

urwid.GIVEN = 'given'?

A set number of columns or rows, e.g. (‘given’, 10) will have exactly 10 columns or rows given to the child widget

urwid.RELATIVE = 'relative'?

A percentage of the total space, e.g. (‘relative’, 50) will give half of the total columns or rows to the child widget

urwid.RELATIVE_100 = ('relative', 100)?
urwid.WEIGHT = 'weight'?

A weight value for distributing columns or rows, e.g. (‘weight’, 3) will give 3 times as many columns or rows as another widget in the same container with (‘weight’, 1).

Text Wrapping Modes?

urwid.SPACE = 'space'?

wrap text on space characters or at the boundaries of wide characters

urwid.ANY = 'any'?

wrap before any wide or narrow character that would exceed the available screen columns

urwid.CLIP = 'clip'?

clip before any wide or narrow character that would exceed the available screen columns and don’t display the remaining text on the line

urwid.ELLIPSIS = 'ellipsis'?

clip if text would exceed the available screen columns, add an ellipsis character at the end

Foreground and Background Colors?

Standard background and foreground colors?

urwid.BLACK = 'black'?
urwid.DARK_RED = 'dark red'?
urwid.DARK_GREEN = 'dark green'?
urwid.BROWN = 'brown'?
urwid.DARK_BLUE = 'dark blue'?
urwid.DARK_MAGENTA = 'dark magenta'?
urwid.DARK_CYAN = 'dark cyan'?
urwid.LIGHT_GRAY = 'light gray'?

Standard foreground colors (not safe to use as background)?

urwid.DARK_GRAY = 'dark gray'?
urwid.LIGHT_RED = 'light red'?
urwid.LIGHT_GREEN = 'light green'?
urwid.YELLOW = 'yellow'?
urwid.LIGHT_BLUE = 'light blue'?
urwid.LIGHT_MAGENTA = 'light magenta'?
urwid.LIGHT_CYAN = 'light cyan'?
urwid.WHITE = 'white'?

User’s terminal configuration default foreground or background?

Note

There is no way to tell if the user’s terminal has a light or dark color as their default foreground or background, so it is highly recommended to use this setting for both foreground and background when you do use it.

urwid.DEFAULT = 'default'?

256 and 88 Color Foregrounds and Backgrounds?

Constants are not defined for these colors.

Signal Names?

urwid.UPDATE_PALETTE_ENTRY = 'update palette entry'?

sent by BaseScreen (and subclasses like raw_display.Screen) when a palette entry is changed. MainLoop handles this signal by redrawing the whole screen.

urwid.INPUT_DESCRIPTORS_CHANGED = 'input descriptors changed'?

sent by BaseScreen (and subclasses like raw_display.Screen) when the list of input file descriptors has changed. MainLoop handles this signal by updating the file descriptors being watched by its event loop.

Command Names?

Command names are used as values in CommandMap instances. Widgets look up the command associated with keypresses in their Widget.keypress() methods.

You may define any new command names as you wish and look for them in your own widget code. These are the standard ones expected by code included in Urwid.

urwid.REDRAW_SCREEN = 'redraw screen'?

Default associated keypress: ‘ctrl l’

MainLoop.process_input() looks for this command to force a screen refresh. This is useful in case the screen becomes corrupted.

urwid.ACTIVATE = 'activate'?

Default associated keypresses: ‘ ‘ (space), ‘enter’

Activate a widget such as a Button, CheckBox or RadioButton.

urwid.CURSOR_UP = 'cursor up'?

Default associated keypress: ‘up’

Move the cursor or selection up one row.

urwid.CURSOR_DOWN = 'cursor down'?

Default associated keypress: ‘down’

Move the cursor or selection down one row.

urwid.CURSOR_LEFT = 'cursor left'?

Default associated keypress: ‘left’

Move the cursor or selection left one column.

urwid.CURSOR_RIGHT = 'cursor right'?

Default associated keypress: ‘right’

Move the cursor or selection right one column.

urwid.CURSOR_PAGE_UP = 'cursor page up'?

Default associated keypress: ‘page up’

Move the cursor or selection up one page.

urwid.CURSOR_PAGE_DOWN = 'cursor page down'?

Default associated keypress: ‘page down’

Move the cursor or selection down one page.

urwid.CURSOR_MAX_LEFT = 'cursor max left'?

Default associated keypress: ‘home’

Move the cursor or selection to the leftmost column.

urwid.CURSOR_MAX_RIGHT = 'cursor max right'?

Default associated keypress: ‘end’

Move the cursor or selection to the rightmost column.